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1 Corinthians 16:10-12

The Young Preacher

10 Now if Timotheus come, see that he may be with you without fear: for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do. 11 Let no man therefore despise him: but conduct him forth in peace, that he may come unto me: for I look for him with the brethren. 12 As touching our brother Apollos, I greatly desired him to come unto you with the brethren: but his will was not at all to come at this time; but he will come when he shall have convenient time.

Paul had sent Timothy to Corinth (1 Corinthians 4:17), but it was not certain that he would get there. In fact, there is no record of him having arrived. In the second epistle, there are numerous references to Titus' mission to Corinth, but not a word about Timothy. Timothy and Erastus were sent into Macedonia ahead of Paul and were then to go to Corinth. It is not known what might have kept him from finishing his assignment.

The Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges comments on this verse concerning Timothy, "For (1) we find that he was young (1Ti 4:12) and (2) deficient, apparently, in courage or energy, or both (1Ti 5:21-23; 2Ti 1:6-8; 2Ti 2:1; 2Ti 2:3; 2Ti 2:15; 2Ti 4:1-2). It has been thought from some of these expressions that he was even culpably timid. If this were the case, how much more must the injunction in the text have been needed (1) when Timothy was about ten years younger than when he received St Paul’s Epistles, and (2) in the then state of the Corinthian Church?" It is no wonder, then, that Paul would ask the church to receive him cordially and not cause him to be afraid of the troublemakers who were in the church at the time.

"...for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do." There are different methods of preaching, different ministry styles, different personalities among preachers and evangelists, but there is only one true purpose... to do the work of the Lord. Paul was a bold and courageous speaker who was able to handle any opposition to the gospel. If Timothy was as shy as he appears to have been, it would be natural for those who had followed Paul to hold him in low esteem and to intimidate him. Paul reminded them that Timothy worked for the same Lord doing the same work as he did.

"Let no man therefore despise him: but conduct him forth in peace," No would should look down on Timothy because of his age or his shyness. Ten years later this was still one of Timothy's weaknesses, and Paul wrote to him saying, "Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity." (1 Timothy 4:12)

Sone of the Corinthians were to accompany Timothy when he returned to Paul along with the others whom Paul had sent so that he might travel in safely and in peace. The other brethren to whom Paul referred might have included Erastus and Titus. The last verse concerning Apollos is self explanatory.

This passage has an important application for the church today. There has been a flood of enthusiastic, Spirit filled, young pastors coming out of our seminaries. Many have been called to serve in churches that had become stagnant and unfruitful. Their preaching is bold and there methods of leadership are biblical, although new to the unfruitful church. But there are a;ways those within the church who resist the necessary changes, who despise the youth of the new pastor, and who attempt to intimidate him or even to rule over him. These churches would do well to read Paul's instructions to the Corinthians.

Before The Throne:

Pray for your pastor. Ask God to help him gain the respect of those whom he must lead, regardless of his age. If your pastor is having to endure an onslaught of opposition, pray that God would give him some relief. Pray for the young pastors in your area. Ask God to protect their ministry and to not allow them to become discouraged.

For Further Study:

** if. 1Cor 4:17; Acts 19:22; ** without. 1Cor 16:11; 1Thess 4:12; ** for. 1Cor 15:58; Rom 16:21; 2Cor 6:1; Phil 2:19-22; 1Thess 3:2;

(v.11) ** no. Luke 10:16; 1Thess 4:8; 1Tim 4:12; Titus 2:15; but. 1Cor 16:6; Acts 15:33; 3John 1:6;

(v.12) ** our. 1Cor 1:12; 1Cor 3:5, 22; Acts 18:24-28; Acts 19:1; Titus 3:4; ** when. Eccl 3:1; Mark 6:21; Acts 24:25;

1 Corinthians 16:5-9

Open Doors

5 Now I will come unto you, when I shall pass through Macedonia: for I do pass through Macedonia. 6 And it may be that I will abide, yea, and winter with you, that ye may bring me on my journey whithersoever I go. 7 For I will not see you now by the way; but I trust to tarry a while with you, if the Lord permit. 8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost. 9 For a great door and effectual is opened unto me, and there are many adversaries.

According to Paul's second epistle to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 1:15-16), Paul’s original plan was to go directly from Ephesus, where he was at the time of this writing, to Corinth, and from there into Macedonia, back again to Corinth, and then to Jerusalem. However, his plans had been changed and he would go to Macedonia first. This change in plans served as the basis for new attacks from his critics who claimed that he was not a man of God and not reliable.

Paul was able to go to them and to winter with them for three months just as he had purposed (Acts 20:2-3). Charles Hodge wrote, "He would remain with them for the winter, he says, in order that they might help him forward on his journey, i.e. attend him on his way, which was the customary mark of respect. Paul wished to receive this courtesy from the Corinthians rather than from others, as his affection for them, notwithstanding the trouble and anxiety they occasioned him, was, as is evident from his second Epistle, peculiarly strong."

First, he would stay at Ephesus until the feast of first fruits, i.e. Pentecost. Then he would travel through Macedonia and go to Corinth where he said he would stay with them for a while, if the Lord would permit.

The reason that Paul wanted to stay at Ephesus for a while is that there was a great and effectual door opened there. This obviously refers to an exciting opportunity in which the people were eager to hear the gospel. It was an effectual opportunity because the people were accepting what he said.

"...and there are many adversaries." While the opportunity had presented itself, it appears that there were also many adversaries who presented themselves. These were probably mostly Jews or those who had a financial interest in the making and worshiping of idols.

When God opens doors for the preaching of the gospel, it is our duty to step through them and to serve Him every way possible. When God opens doors, there will always also be opposition. Many times the opposition will be fierce and even violent. Nevertheless, we are called to preach the gospel regardless of the dangers. Jesus said, "And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." (Matthew 10:28)

When opposition shows its face, Paul would refer us back to the last verse of the previous chapter, "Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord."

Before The Throne:

God is always opening doors for those of us who are looking for the opportunity to serve Him. Pray that you will have the eyes to see and the desire to serve. Pray for our brothers and sisters in Christ who are standing in the doorway facing some very dangerous opposition. Pray for their courage and for their protection.

For Further Study:

** when. Acts 19:21; Acts 20:1-3; 2Cor 1:15-17;

(v.6) ** winter. Acts 27:12; Acts 28:11; Titus 3:12; ** that ye. Acts 15:3; Acts 17:15; Acts 20:38; Acts 21:5; Rom 15:24; 2Cor 1:16; 3John 1:6-7;

(v.7) ** if. 1Cor 4:19; Prov 19:21; Jer 10:23; Acts 18:21; Rom 1:10; Jas 4:15;

(v.8 ) ** at. 15:32; ** Pentecost. Exod 23:16; Lev 23:15-21; Acts 2:1;

(v.9) ** a great. Ac 19:8-10; ** door. Acts 14:27; 2Cor 2:12; Col 4:3; Rev 3:7-8; ** there. 1Cor 15:32; Acts 19:9-10; 2Cor 1:8-10; Phil 3:18;

1 Corinthians 16:1-4

Our Distant Family

1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. 2 Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. 3 And when I come, whomsoever ye shall approve by your letters, them will I send to bring your liberality unto Jerusalem. 4 And if it be meet that I go also, they shall go with me.

Judea, at the time that Paul wrote this, was going through a chaotic period. The saints in Jerusalem had experienced a great amount of persecution and many had been impoverished by it. The churches in Macedonia and Achaia were therefore taking up a collection for the relief of the saints in Jerusalem. (See Romans 15:25-26) It is that relief effort to which Paul refers when he writes, "Now concerning the collection for the saints,.."

" I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye." Paul did not "order" a collection to be made nor how much anyone should give to the effort. "For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem." (Romans 15:26) However, he did want the collection to be orderly and effective, so he directed the manner in which it should be done.

"Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come." I certainly do not want to distract the reader from appreciating the point of this passage. It is describing a generous and well coordinated cooperative between the various churches to support the wellbeing of their fellow saints in a distant land. It was an excellent example of Christian love and brotherhood.

However, this verse has also been used as evidence that the early church had changed the Sabbath day from the seventh day of the week, (The word "Sabbath" means, "seventh.") to the Lord's Day on the first day of the week. The verse accomplishes no such thing. The literal translation would be, "on one of the Sabbaths." The Jews used the word Sabbath to also mean, "week." So it could be translated to say, "on one of the weeks." All of our English translations were done after Constantine declared in the 4th century AD that the church should keep the first day of the week instead of the Sabbath. That has led most scholars to assume that Paul means the first day of the week, but that cannot absolutely be assumed to be its meaning. It does not prove that the early church kept the Lord's Day, nor does it disprove it. We should not read into the scriptures more than is intended by the literal meaning.

Paul wanted the church to set aside a day or a week for the gathering of the relief offerings so that the work would be done before he arrived. They were also to select trusted men to make the trip to deliver the relief to Jerusalem. He said that, if it were helpful they could go with him.

The lobe that the Gentile churches demonstrated for their brothers and sisters in Jerusalem is an example that we do well to follow. Every Christian, regardless of race, nationality or cultural origin is our brother or sister. Jesus asked, "Who is my mother, or my brethren? And he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother." (Mark 3:33-35) When one of them suffers we all suffer. We have a duty to pray for them and to help them whenever we can, just as the churches of Macedonia and Achaia helped the church at Jerusalem.

Before The Throne:

Pray for your brothers and sisters in countries that are under the domination of terrorists. If your church is sending relief, pray about how much God would have you give. Commit yourself to giving liberally, because He has blessed you with so much.

For Further Study:

** concerning. Acts 11:28, 30; Acts 24:17; Rom 15:25-26; 2Cor 8:1-9; Gal 2:10; ** the saints. Acts 9:41; Rom 12:13; 2Cor 9:12-15; Phlm 1:5, 7; Heb 6:10; 1John 3:17; ** the churches. Acts 16:6; Acts 18:23; Gal 1:2;

(v.2) ** the first. Luke 24:1; John 20:19, 26; Acts 20:7; Rev 1:10; ** as God. Gen 26:12; Gen 30:27, 30; Gen 32:10; Gen 33:11; Deut 8:18; Deut 15:11-14; 2Chr 31:10; Hag 2:16-19; Mal 3:9-10; Mark 12:41-44; Mark 14:8; Luke 16:10; 2Cor 8:1-3; 12-15; ** that. 2Cor 8:11; 2Cor 9:3-5;

(v.3) ** when. 1Cor 4:19-21; 1Cor 11:34; ** whomsoever. Acts 6:1-6; 2Cor 8:19-24; ** liberality. Gr. gift. 2Cor 8:4, 6, 19;

(v.4) ** Rom 15:25; 2Cor 8:4, 19;

1 Corinthians 15:56-58

Be Unmovable

56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

Sin is that venomous sting that leads to death. That fact should be very easy for everyone to understand. "For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God." The sting has been felt by everyone. "For the wages of sin is death." But for the grace of God all would be condemned. However, "The gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord."

"The strength of sin is the law." This is more difficult to understand. How does sin obtain its venomous power to destroy and to kill from the law of God? The answer is that God's law is so perfect and pure that the natural man cannot live in perfect obedience to it. We have an inherently sinful nature that opposes and resists the law at every opportunity.

Since the fall of Adam, God has recognized "...that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually." (Genesis 6:5) Sin's grip on mankind had been unbreakable, until the second Adam lived without sin and then went to the cross to pay for all of the sins committed by you and me.

Paul acknowledged God's marvelous grace, "But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." He gave us the victory over sin by dying for the sins of others. He gave us the victory over death by rising from the grave and promising to return for us.

"Therefore." Everything that has been said previously in this chapter is the reason for what is about to be said. We owe a debt of gratitude for God's merciful pardon from the consequences of our sins. But, Paul does not remind us of this as though he were God's bill collector. Instead, he says, "Therefore, my beloved brethren..." He beseeches his readers out of love, as one concerned for the spiritual health of his family of fellow saints, to act accordingly.

" ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord,.." The meaning is clear. Because of all the promises and assurances that we have from our Lord and Savior, especially that knowledge of the resurrection, we should be steadfast and unmovable in our faith. The two adjectives mean basically the same thing, but in the Greek, "unmovable" may be a bit stronger. We have no reason to doubt, no reason to give an inch in the truths that we believe. "But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. A double minded man is unstable in all his ways." (James 1:6-8) We must remain singularly glued to our faith, stable and unmovable.

"...always abounding in the work of the Lord," True faith produces work and an abundance of faith should produce an abundance of works for the Lord. This, however, should not be sporadic. If we are steadfast and unmovable in our faith, our works should be continuously abundant, always abounding, and ever defining who we are in Jesus Christ, because we know that whatever we do for the Lord can never be in vain.

Before The Throne:

Do you have lapses of faith or occasional doubts? Confess it to the Lord. Pray as the disciples did, "Lord, increase my faith." If sin is getting in the way of your relationship with Christ, confess those sins and repent. Pray for a steadfast and unmovable heart that is focused on serving the Lord. May your labor for Him never cease and always be plentiful. Amen.

For Further Study:

** sting. Gen 3:17-19; Ps 90:3-11; Prov 14:32; John 8:21, 24; Rom 5:15, 17; Rom 6:23; Heb 9:27; ** the strength. Rom 3:19-20; Rom 4:15; Rom 5:13, 20; Rom 7:5-13; Gal 3:10-13;

(v.57) ** thanks. Acts 27:35; Rom 7:25; 2Cor 1:11; 2Cor 2:14; 2Cor 9:15; Eph 5:20; ** giveth. 1Cor 15:51; 2Kgs 5:1; 1Chr 22:11; Ps 98:1; Prov 21:31; John 16:33; Rom 8:37; 1John 5:4-5; Rev 12:11; Rev 15:2-3;

(v.58) ** Therefore. 2Cor 7:1; 2Pet 1:4-9; 2Pet 3:14; ** be ye. Ruth 1:18; Ps 55:22; Ps 78:8, 37; Ps 112:6; Col 1:23; Col 2:5; 1Thess 3:3; Heb 3:14; 2Pet 3:17-18; ** abounding. Phil 1:9; Phil 4:17; Col 2:7; 1Thess 3:12; 1Thess 4:1; 2Thess 1:3; ** the work. 1Cor 16:10; John 6:28-29; Phil 2:30; 1Thess 1:3; Titus 2:14; Heb 13:21; ** ye know. 1Cor 3:8; 2Chr 15:7; Ps 19:11; Gal 6:9; Heb 6:10; ** is not. Ps 73:13; Gal 4:11; Phil 2:16; 1Thess 3:5; ** in the. Matt 10:40-42; Matt 25:31-40; Phil 1:11; Heb 13:15-16;

1 Corinthians 15:53-55

Swallowed in Victory

53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. 55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

Because corruption cannot inherit incorruption, i.e. the body that dies and decays cannot inherit that which is eternal, Paul says that, "This corruptible must put on incorruption and this mortal must put on immortality." There must be a change in both the resurrected bodies of those who have died and the bodies of those who are still alive in Christ when Jesus returns.

When that happens, Paul said that it would be the fulfilment of Isaiah's prophesy in 25:8, which he only quotes in part. The whole passage says. "He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it." In the Hebrew language, "victory" has the connotation of completeness and permanency. There is, then, a finality about this change. The children of God will finally have a permanent peace. Their tears will be wiped away and there will be no more rebuke or persecution.

"O death, where is thy sting?" Man's greatest fear and only guarantee in life is that life will end. Billions of people since the beginning of time until now have faced death. It is that great fearful unknown toward which every person continually marches. In every age, men have searched for the fountain of youth. Today, medical research frantically tries to find a way to postpone death, to fight off old age and to finally allow man to live forever. Yet this can never happen except through Jesus Christ. The resurrection is death's final stand as it is swallowed up in victory. Death has no more sting for those who are in Christ.

"O grave, where is thy victory?" The grave can no longer hold its occupants. It has no more victory, no permanence. It is but a temporary resting place where the body awaits its change from corruption to incorruption, from mortality to immortality. We shall all be raised up to meet Jesus in the air. We shall be like Him. The victory is ours.

"O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?" This is an exclamation of great excitement and joy in the heart of Paul. It should invoke the same spirit in each of us. We are now assured that there is hope for us. The last enemy is defeated and we never need to fear again. The idea should have us dancing in the streets, "O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?" The truth should make us more committed to our faith and to our Lord Jesus. The power of it should make us bold in our proclamation of the gospel and fearless in the face of persecutions.

Before The Throne:

This whole chapter of 1 Corinthians gives us so much for which to be thankful. Take the time to celebrate the Lord's wonderful grace, praising Him for the victory over death and thanking Him for His assurances. Pray that He will keep you aware of your immunity to death and will make you grow bolder in you testimony each and every day.

For Further Study:

** put. Rom 13:12-14; 2Cor 5:2-4; Gal 3:27; Eph 4:24; 1John 3:2;

(v.54) ** this mortal. Rom 2:7; Rom 6:12; Rom 8:11; 2Cor 4:11; 2Thess 1:10; ** Death. Isa 25:8; Luke 20:36; Heb 2:14-15; Rev 20:14; Rev 21:4;

(v.55) ** O death. Ho 13:14; ** sting. Acts 9:5; Rev 9:10; ** grave. or, hell. Luke 16:23; Acts 2:27; Rev 20:13-14; ** is thy victory. Job 18:13-14; Ps 49:8-15; Ps 89:48; Eccl 2:15-16; Eccl 3:19; Eccl 8:8; Eccl 9:5-6; Ro 5:14;

1 Corinthians 15:52

The Last Trumpet

52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

With all of the fascination over the new novels and movies concerning the end times and the resurrection of the saints, I think it is not only appropriate but necessary to look at the truth of God's word concerning those things. While I cannot cover the whole eschatological story in one short Bible study, I hope that I might set the reader on the right track for conducting his or her own study of the subject.

It is important for the student of God's word to understand that we do not get at the truths of God's word by listening to man, including myself, and especially not from commercial novels, movies or TV series. Secondly, God has given us His word so that we might understand it. He has not made it so complicated that only a self-proclaimed priest or prophet can unravel its mysteries. It always means exactly what it says. That does not mean that there are not some difficult passages, but you, a child of God, with the help of the Holy Spirit can arrive at a good understanding. As Jesus said to Peter, "Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven."

It is the timing of the resurrection that I want the reader to consider in this verse. Paul was a Jew who understood the traditional uses of the trumpet. In the Old Testament it was used to signal an alarm (Numbers 10:5-9), to summon the assembly of the congregation (Exodus 19:13; Numbers 10:1-4), to announce the beginning of feast days (Leviticus 23:24), to worship the LORD and to announce the coming judgment of God (Joshua 6:1-20; Judges 7:1-25; 2 Samuel 6:15). In the passage before us, Paul says that the resurrection will take place "at the last trump." He does not qualify that by saying at the last trump blown for assembly, or the last blown for an alarm etc., but he says "at the last trump."

"For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent (precede) them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord." (1 Thessalonians 4:14-17) From this passage, we can see that the resurrection of the dead will happen at the last trump a moment before those who are alive in Christ at the time are taken up to be with the Lord (Commonly known as "the rapture.)

In the book of Revelation, there are seven periods of judgment, each introduced by the sounding of the trumpet, and after that last trumpet sounds we read about the resurrection. "And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years."

Some modern preachers will try to pervert this simple truth. They will tell you that the church does not go through the tribulation and will be raptured away. If you listen to them, you will not be prepared. The tribulation will purify the church like gold being heated in the fire. The true believers will stand fast in their faith and will overcome the world. The hypocrites will run and join the enemy. Where will you stand?

Before The Throne:

Pray for our churches who are being taught false doctrines. Many of our pastors have been deceived by those who taught them. Pray for them. Ask the Holy Spirit to help you set aside everything that you have been taught about the end times and to give you the ability to study His pure word for yourself. Pray that neither I or any other teacher would influence your conclusions. Thank the Lord in advance for revealing the truth to you.

For Further Study:

** a moment. Exod 33:5; Num 16:21, 45; Ps 73:19; 2Pet 3:10; ** last. Exod 19:16; Exod 20:18; Num 10:4; Isa 18:3; Isa 27:13; Ezek 33:3, 6; Zech 9:14; Rev 8:2, 13; Rev 9:13-14; ** for. Matt 24:31; John 5:25; 1Thess 4:16;

1 Corinthians 15:50-52

Raised Incorruptible

50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. 51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, 52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

"Now this I say, brethren,.." This is the final summation and conclusion of all that Paul has said concerning the resurrected body. It is the main reason why we will be changed at the Lord's coming.

"...that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God;" It is impossible for flesh and blood to inherit the kingdom of God. By this, Paul is not speaking of our sinful nature, although that would also be true, but he speaks of our physical bodies. We are to be resurrected to eternal life, but our physical bodies are not capable of sustaining life forever. They are mortal and weak, temporary homes for our eternal souls.

"...neither doth corruption inherit incorruption." The flesh and blood body is subject to deterioration and decay, whereas the kingdom of God is perfect and without even a trace of corruption. How then could a corruptible body enter into the perfect kingdom without polluting it?

"Behold, I shew you a mystery;" Paul is now going to reveal that which has been hidden from man since his fall in the garden. It is something very difficult for the mind to conceive, a revelation that must be accepted on the basis of faith alone.

"We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed." There has been some controversy over this passage, because the grammatical structure in the Greek text could leave one to believe that Paul was claiming he and the Corinthians would not die before the coming of Christ and the resurrection. This, of course is not true, because in 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3 Paul warned that the day was not near, saying, "Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition."

Therefore, his meaning is that not all Christians will die. Some will be alive when Christ returns. Nevertheless, alive or dead, we shall all be changed and given our new bodies. This will happen "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye..." The Greek word rendered as "moment" is the word "atomos," an atom of time, a moment so short that it cannot be divided into anything smaller.

"At the last trump..." There shall not be another trumpet call after this one. There will be a shout of the archangel and the trumpet will sound, then we shall all be changed and raised with our incorruptible bodies to be with our Lord forever.

Before The Throne:

Praise the Lord for such a wonderful promise. Ask Him to strengthen your faith in that promise and to help you live day by day with that moment always in mind. Pray that He will find you doing His perfect will when He arrives. Ask for the opportunity to introduce others to this wonderful mystery.

For Further Study:

** this. 1Cor 1:12; 1Cor 7:29; 2Cor 9:6; Gal 3:17; Gal 5:16; Eph 4:17; Col 2:4; ** that. 1Cor 6:13; Matt 16:17; John 3:3-6; 2Cor 5:1;

(v.51) ** I shew. 1Cor 2:7; 1Cor 4:1; 1Cor 13:2; Eph 1:9; Eph 3:3; Eph 5:32; ** We shall not. 1Cor 15:6, 18, 20; 1Thess 4:14-17; ** changed. Php 3:21:

(v.52) ** a moment. Exod 33:5; Num 16:21; Num 16:45; Ps 73:19; 2Pet 3:10; ** last. Exod 19:16; Exod 20:18; Num 10:4; Isa 18:3; Isa 27:13; Ezek 33:3, 6; Zech 9:14; Rev 8:2, 13; Rev 9:13-14; ** for. Matt 24:31; John 5:25; 1Thess 4:16;

1 Corinthians 15:45-49

The First and the Last

45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. 46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

A significant difference exists between the man, Adam, and the man, Jesus Christ. To begin this passage Paul very clearly describes the difference between the two. First, he quotes from Genesis 2:7. The first man Adam "became a living soul." The first man literally became a life-receiving soul. He was nothing but a lump of clay until the Lord God breathed the breath of life, or the spirit of life, into him. Both the Greek and Hebrew words for "soul" refer to the animated and vital being, the whole man.

"The last Adam was made a quickening spirit." Jesus, called the last Adam, because He was the first man to live without sin and impart eternal life to men, became a life-giving spirit. "In him was life; and the life was the light of men." (John 1:4) He said of himself, " I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." (John 14:6) Through Adam, we all die and are separated from God by our sins. Through Jesus Christ, however, we can all be forgiven of our sins, reconciled to God, and receive eternal life. Jesus was more than merely a man; He was also fully God with the power to give new life.

"Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual." Once again, Paul points to God's orderly arrangement of things. Everything begins with a degree of imperfection and moves toward perfection. The natural man is first, buried like a seed, and then is resurrected as a spiritual being just as a seed grows into a beautiful flower. Adam, the natural man was first; Christ, the quickening spirit is last.

The first Adam was of the earth, formed of the dust and doomed to return to the dust from which he came. The second Adam, Jesus Christ, was from heaven, placed in the virgin Mary's womb by the Holy Spirit. The nature of the two reflected their respective origins.

"And as we have borne the image of the earthy,.." We have lived in an earthly body, a very temporal one that will die and decay. We have also borne the image of our father, Adam, by our characteristic sinful nature. Having sinned and fallen short of the glory of God, we have lived without hope, struggled to make our living from the earth, and subject to the judgment.

Now, however, "we shall also bear the image of the heavenly." We Christians shall be raised up to be like Christ. We are a people of hope, destined to a life of eternal bliss, and to have a perfect sinless nature. The last enemy. which is death, shall be conquered.

Before The Throne:

Take the time to praise God for the hope that He has given you through Jesus Christ. Thank Him for the word in these scriptures that assure you of your future and that explain God's plan in a way that you can understand. Ask for the ability to share what you learn with as many people as it pleases God.

For Further Study:

** The first. Gen 2:7; Rom 5:12-14; Rev 16:3; ** a quickening. John 1:4; John 4:10, 14; John 5:21, 25-29; John 6:33, 39-40, 54. 57, 63, 68; John 10:10, 28; John 11:25-26; John 14:6, 19; John 17:2-3; Acts 3:15; Rom 5:17, 21; Rom 8:2, 10-11; Phil 3:21; Col 3:4; 1John 1:1-3; 1John 5:11-12; Rev 21:6; Rev 22:1, 17;

(v.46) ** that which is natural. Rom 6:6; Eph 4:22-24; Col 3:9-10;

(v.47) ** first. Gen 2:7; Gen 3:19; John 3:13, 31; 2Cor 5:1; ** the Lord. Isa 9:6; Jer 23:6; Matt 1:23; Luke 1:16-17; Luke 2:11; John 3:12-13, 31; John 6:33; Acts 10:36; Eph 4:9-11; 1Tim 3:16;

(v.48) ** such are they also that are earthy. Gen 5:3; Job 14:4; John 3:6; Rom 5:12-21; ** and as. Phil 3:20-21;

(v.49) ** as. Ge 5:3; ** we shall. Matt 13:43; Rom 8:29; 2Cor 3:18; 2Cor 4:10-11; 1John 3:2;

1 Corinthians 15:39-44

Reasonable Differences

39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. 40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. 42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: 43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: 44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

In order to support his explanation that our resurrected bodies will be different from our natural bodies, Paul explained that not all flesh, i.e. not all bodies are the same. There is a substantial difference in the various forms of creatures within God's creation. God has the intellectual capacity to create an infinite number of organic forms, and there is no reason for us to believe that He would raise us up with bodies that are identical to the ones we now inhabit.

Paul's point is made by pointing to the differences between the flesh of men, beasts, fish and birds. They are all living flesh but at the same time very different forms.

There are also heavenly bodies that are very different from those on earth. The sun moon and stars are made from different substances than the bodies of men, beasts, birds and fish. The glory, or the majestic appearance, of the heavenly bodies is much different from the that of earthly creatures. Furthermore, the sun, moon and stars all differ from one another. Is there any reason not to believe that our earthly bodies are very different from those heavenly bodies with which we will be raised at the coming of our Lord?

When we die, our bodies are buried, "sown in corruption." They are subject to decay just as a seed that is planted, but it is raised in incorruption, i.e. not subject to decay. Like the plant is different from the seed, so the resurrected body is different from that which had died. As the earthly bodies are temporal and different from the heavenly, so our resurrected bodies will be more glorious and will endure for all eternity.

" It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory:" Death occurs as a consequence for sin, a dishonorable condition. The dead body was considered a defilement by the Jews. "He that toucheth the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days." (Numbers 19:11) The body rapidly begins to decay and is not something pleasant to be around. It is buried, therefore. in dishonor, but it shall be raised in glory. It will be like the glorified body of our Lord Jesus Christ.

The body is sown in weakness. A corpse has no power at all, but the resurrected body will be raised in power. In Christ all things are possible, and His power will be available to all those who are His at His coming.

Finally, Paul explains, "It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body." We have a natural body, one that is suited to live the animal life in the natural world on earth. When we are raised up, however, we will have a new and different kind of body that is fully adapted to living the spiritual life. There are two types of bodies for humans... the natural and the more glorious spiritual body.

Before The Throne:

Take care of you physical body. It is the temple of the Holy Spirit. But praise God for the promise of your new body, which will be so much different and without the pains and weaknesses of the old. Pay and keep the watch. Jesus is coming for you, and you know not when.

For Further Study:

** Ge 1:20-26;

(v.41) ** Gen 1:14; Deut 4:19; Job 31:26; Ps 8:3; Ps 19:4-6; Ps 148:3-5; Isa 24:23;

(v.42) ** is. 1Cor 15:50-54; Dan 12:3; Matt 13:43; Phil 3:20-21; ** in corruption. Gen 3:19; Job 17:14; Ps 16:10; Ps 49:9, 14; Isa 38:17; Acts 2:27, 31; Acts 13:34-37; Rom 1:23; Rom 8:21; ** it is. 1Cor 15:52-54; Luke 20:35-36; 1Pet 1:4;

(v.43) ** in dishonour. Dan 12:1; Matt 13:43; Phil 3:20-21; ** weakness. Job 14:10; **marg: Ps 102:23; 2Cor 13:4; ** in power. 1Cor 6:14; Matt 22:29-30; Mark 12:24-25; 2Cor 13:14; Phil 3:10;

(v.44) ** there is a spiritual. Luke 24:31; John 20:19, 26;

1 Corinthians 15:35-38

The Resurrected Body

35 But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? 36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: 37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: 38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

The fact that there will definitely be a resurrection has been well proven by Paul. However, he anticipated another objection from those who did not believe, so he presents the second part of his argument, explaining how the resurrection will occur.

"But some man will say, How are the dead raised up?" This is a reasonable question that most of us, even believers, might ask. The body returns to dust. In the case of cremation not even the bones remain, and perhaps the ashes are scattered in the wind. How, then, are the dead raised up?

"...and with what body do they come?" Will God reconstruct our old bodies? Will he gather all the particles of dust and put it all back together just as it was originally? Or, will we have a different body given to us at the resurrection? The apostle John wrote, "Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is." (1 John 3:2)

"Thou fool..." adequately describes us when we ask such simple questions. In the agrarian society of that day, the answer should have been obvious. They were accustomed to planting seeds and watching them grow. They knew that, if they did not put the seed in the ground where it would decay, it would not shoot forth a new and complete plant.

"And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be," In other words, when they planted the seed, they did not plant what they expected the seed to become. They planted a small seed, but it became a full plant that would bare more grain. Likewise, we should not expect that in the resurrection we would be raised up with the same body that was planted in the grave, but with a new body substantially different from the original.

"But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him." God has determined what each seed that is planted should be like when it is raised up as a new plant. The body of the plant did not depend on the appearance of the seed that was planted and it did not depend on chance. God had predetermined what that seed should produce.

"...and to every seed his own body." Each seed produces a new plant body unique to that type of seed. A seed of corn produces a plant uniquely different from that produced by a mustard seed. It is logical, therefore, to expect that God has provided for us in the same way.

Before The Throne:

Do not dwell on the question of what your new body will be like. Have faith that it will be remarkably wonderful and different. Thank the Lord for the promise and assurance that you will be with Him in the resurrection. Pray that He will give you the opportunity today to share the good news of the resurrection with someone and that you will be ready to answer their questions.

For Further Study:

** How. Job 11:12; Job 22:13; Ps 73:11; Eccl 11:5; Ezek 37:3, 11; John 3:4, 9; John 9:10; ** with. 1Cor 15:38-53; Matt 22:29-30; Phil 3:21;

(v.36) **fool. Luke 12:20; Luke 24:25; Rom 1:22; Eph 5:15; ** that. Joh 12:24

(v.38) ** 1Cor 3:7; Gen 1:11-12; Ps 104:14; Isa 61:11; Mark 4:26-29;

1 Corinthians 15:33-34

Evil Company

33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners. 34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

All this talk about the resurrection was very troubling for Paul. In this passage he gets to the root of some of the other problems that existed within the church. "Be not deceived..," he said. That is also one of the biggest problems in the church today. Our people allow themselves to be misled by the world around us. We are taught to be tolerant of everything and we do not want to be thought of as intolerant Bible thumpers. So we deceive ourselves into thinking that we can associate with all types of people and just accept their sins without objecting.

Paul said, "Be not deceived, evil companionships corrupt good habits." The Greek word that is rendered as "manners" in the KJV is a strengthened form of the word 'ethnos,' which means," habit." It is the root of our English word "ethic." Evil companionships destroy good ethics, good behaviors and good thoughts. Tolerance might make your friends more comfortable in your presence and might save some of your relationships but, in the long run, it will destroy your relationship with the Lord.

Be not deceived. You cannot keep company with those who teach false doctrines without being personally affected by them. Those who claimed that there will be no resurrection have no place in the body of Christ. They do not believe the gospel but have instead invented their own philosophy which has not the power of God to save anyone.

Those who deceive themselves are as though they were in a deep sleep. Paul now calls them to, "Awake to righteousness,.." Sometimes it is necessary for all of us to be called out from our stupor and come to the knowledge of what is right. We must know God's word and be able to discern the difference between false doctrines and the gospel. If we do not, it will lead us into sin. Paul saw this as a primary cause of the many problems at Corinth. It had separated the righteous believers from those who were allowing themselves to be deceived by the world.

"Awake to righteousness, and sin not;" The lack of the knowledge of God is a sin. "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children." (Hosea 4:6) This is Paul's point. Because the people were asleep, deceived by false teachers, and not believing in the resurrection, they were living in sin. They were living by the philosophy of those who had no God, saying, "Let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die." (v.32)

" I speak this to your shame." We should all be ashamed of ourselves when we allow ourselves to be deceived, whether it is over the truth of the resurrection or some other thing. We can be deceived by believing that our companionship with sinners will not affect us or that we can commit certain sins and God will not notice. Whatever the deception, every now and again the preacher must call us to awaken from our slumber and turn back to God.

Before The Throne:

Are you getting your doctrines directly from the word of God or from men? Do you study the word and trust the Holy Spirit to give you understanding or do you listen and accept the interpretation of others? Pray about it. Ask God to wake you up, if you have been deceived in any way. Pray that His truth will prevail within your church and then over those to whom your church reaches out. Praise God for giving us His word so that we can know the truth and be free of sin.

For Further Study:

** Be. 1Cor 6:9; Matt 24:4, 11, 24; Gal 6:7; Eph 5:6; 2Thess 2:10; Rev 12:9; Rev 13:8-14; ** evil. 1Cor 5:6; Prov 9:6; Prov 13:20; 2Tim 2:16-18; Heb 12:15; 2Pet 2:2, 18-20;

(v.34) ** Awake. Joel 1:5; Jonah 1:6; Rom 13:11; Eph 5:14; ** sin not. Ps 4:4; Ps 119:11; John 5:14; John 8:11; ** some. 1Cor 8:7; Rom 1:28; 1Thess 4:5; ** I speak. 1Cor 6:5; Heb 5:11-12;

1 Corinthians 15:30-32

To Die Daily?

30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? 31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. 32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

If the dead do not rise, everything that Paul and the other apostles had suffered for the gospel would have been in vain. So he asks, "And why stand we in jeopardy every hour?" Why would they have risked their lives so many times for the gospel, if there was not going to be a resurrection? They had been in such constant danger that to say they were in danger every hour did not sound like hyperbole to him. He had been beaten, stoned, left for dead and imprisoned for what he had believed. Would he or anyone else have suffered so much for a lie?

15:31 is better translated by the Holman Christian Standard Bible to say, "I affirm by the pride in you that I have in Christ Jesus our Lord: I die every day!" Paul is in effect swearing by the pride, or by the rejoicing, that he felt in them and the confidence that he had in their salvation, which he had through Jesus Christ our Lord, that he was dying daily for his faith.

"People swear or affirm by their objects of dearest affection and desire; and the meaning here is, 'So certainly as I confidently expect your salvation, and so certainly as we look to eternal life, so certain is it that I am constantly exposed to die, and suffer that which may he called a daily death.” (Albert Barnes' Notes; theWord Bible Study Software)

"If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus,.." There have been at least seven reasonable interpretations of this passage (See Barnes on this verse). For this study we will assume that Paul is referring to some incident that happened to him at Ephesus which brought him close to death. Whether he means that he is speaking "after the manner of men" or whether he fought "after the manner of men," we cannot determine. Neither do we know of a time when he fought with wild beasts or would have been put into an arena to fight with them. He may have been referring to those men who persecuted him as "beasts."

"...what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not?" The exact details and circumstances of the event about which Paul was speaking are not so important as the fact that he faced possible death during it. The point that he is making is that he would not have gone through all of that, if it were true that there was going to be no resurrection of the dead.

"if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die." If this life is all that we have, we had better enjoy it while we can. The passage is a quote from Isaiah 22:13 and represents the mindset of a people who have no God and no hope. (See my comments on Isaiah 22:13 at

But we do have a God, a Lord and a Savior, in whom we trust. He has promised a resurrection, He has demonstrated that God has the power to do it, and He has volunteered to be the first fruits among many. We should never have to utter those words, "let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die." We have an eternity of fruitful and joyful living for which to prepare ourselves. This is worth dying for daily.

Before The Throne:

If you have had a defeatist or hopeless outlook on life, confess it as a sin against God. Pray that He will erase all thoughts of that nature from your mind. Thank Him for the eternal life that is given to you by His mercy and grace. Thank Him for demonstrating through Christ that the dead shall rise and you will one day join Him for all of eternity.

For Further Study:

** 1Cor 15:31; Rom 8:36-39; 2Cor 4:7-12; 2Cor 6:9; 2Cor 11:23-27; Gal 5:11:

(v.31) ** protest. Gen 43:3; 1Sam 8:9; Jer 11:7; Zech 3:6; Phil 3:3; ** your. 2Cor 1:12; 2Cor 2:14; 1Thess 2:19; 1Thess 3:9; ** die. 1Cor 4:9-13; Acts 20:23; Rom 8:36; 2Cor 4:10-11; 2Cor 11:23;

(v.32) ** after. or, to speak after. Rom 6:19; Gal 3:15; ** beast. 2Pet 2:12; Jude 1:10; ** Ephesus. Acts 19:1, 23-41; 2Cor 1:8-10; ** what. Job 35:3; Ps 73:13; Mal 3:14-15; Luke 9:25; ** let. Eccl 2:24; Eccl 11:9; Isa 22:13; Isa 56:12; Luke 12:19;

1 Corinthians 15:28-29

Our All In All

28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all. 29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

These two verses have proven to be very difficult passages to understand, and many great Christian writers have written very different interpretations of them. The first is the question of whether or not Christ will actually surrender His authority over His kingdom to God.

All must agree that Christ and the Father are one. (John 10:30) And this is also supported by the prophets. "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace." (Isaiah 9:6) However, Christ in His humanity has always been subject to God the Father. He said, "I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me." (John 5:30) He was sent here by the Father to do the will of the Father and was not free to do anything on His own.

After Christ was crucified and resurrected, we read, "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." (Matthew 28:18) God delegated all power and authority to the man Jesus. God made all things subject to Jesus' authority. One day, Jesus will subdue all things, and all nations and powers will be ruled by Him. When that happens, there will be no more need for the mediatorial reign of Christ. All the world will be reconciled to God. Jesus will continue to sit on the throne with the Father, but the power and authority over heaven and earth will be fully returned to the Godhead of which the Son in His divinity is a part.

"...that God may be all in all." This simply means that God will then be the sovereign over all things. Instead of reigning through Christ, God will rule all things directly.

The second controversial element in our passage is Paul's question, "Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all?" This passage brings everything that has been said back together with the argument supporting the resurrection in verses 20-23. The most practical interpretation is to assume that there were some among the Christians in Corinth who believed that they could assure the resurrection of their deceased unbelieving loved ones by being baptized for them. There is no evidence, other than this verse, that this was the case, but years later it was practiced by the Cerinthians and Marcionites. Even today, it is still practiced by the Mormons.

The objections to this are mostly based on the argument that Paul would not have mentioned such a heretical practice without denouncing it. However, he did not ask, "What shall we do..?" but, "What shall they do..?" If this was commonly recognized within the church as a heresy, it would not have been necessary for him to go off point to discredit it. He was pointing to a foolish practice by a fringe group of Christians and making it sound even more foolish and vain, if there is to be no resurrection of the dead.

Before The Throne:

We have been promised and assured of a wonderful future when God will be our all in all. Pray that you would not lose focus on that simple point. Ask the Lord to help you live with that future constantly before you. Pray that He would help you share that knowledge with others and thereby bring glory to His name.

For Further Study:

** all things. Ps 2:8-9; Ps 18:39, 47; Ps 21:8-9; Dan 2:34-35, 40-45; Matt 13:41-43; Phil 3:21; Rev 19:11-21; Rev 20:2-4, 10-15; ** then. 1Cor 3:23; 1Cor 11:3; John 14:28; ** all in all. 1Cor 12:6; Eph 1:23; Col 3:11;

(v.29) ** what. 1Cor 15:16, 32; Rom 6:3-4; Matt 20:22;

1 Corinthians 15:26-27

The Death of Death

26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

If all things have been put under the feet of the Christ, death must be placed there also. Just as He will obliterate all rule, authority and power, He will also destroy the enemy called death. Death is the ultimate evil that rules over men. This is in perfect agreement with the prophets.

In Isaiah 25:8 we have, "He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.

Hosea 13:14 "I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes."

Jesus also promised that those who would be counted worthy, "Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection." (Luke 20:36)

"The 'some' (τινὲς) of 1Co 15:12 say, “There is no resurrection”; Paul replies, “There is to be no death”. The dogma of unbelief has been confuted in fact by Christ’s bodily resurrection (1Co 15:13 ff.); in experience, by the saving effect thereof in Christians (1Co 15:17); and now finally in principle, by its contrariety to the purpose and scope of redemption (1Co 15:21-26), which finds its goal in the death of Death." (William Robertson Nicoll; The Expositors Greek NT; theWord Bible Study Software)

"For he hath put all things under his feet." This is taken from Psalms 8:6 and is a general reference to the dominion that God has given to man. Christ, however, is the Son of man and, thus, Paul expands the meaning of the phrase. He explains it more fully in Ephesians 1:20-23 "Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all."

"But when he saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him." This was inserted in order to clarify that God the Father was not included in the "all things" that were subdued and placed under the dominion of the Son. The giver of the power and authority did not place Himself under the one to whom it was given.

"Jupiter or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder in myth. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until Christianity became the dominant religion of the Empire." ( Jupiter was said to have dethroned his father Saturn from the throne and expelled him from heaven. Paul did not want a similar false belief to develop from a misinterpretation of his words.

Before The Throne:

Death has been destroyed! Isn't that grounds for triumphant praise of our Lord? Take the time today to contemplate that and to celebrate it by praising Him in all that you do. Tell the whole world that it is no longer necessary to die, if they will just believe in Jesus Christ who has already died for them.

For Further Study:

** 1Cor 15:55; Isa 25:8; Hos 13:14; Luke 20:36; 2Tim 1:10; Heb 2:14; Rev 20:14; Rev 21:4;

(v.27) ** Ps 8:6; Matt 11:27; Matt 28:18; John 3:35; John 13:3; Eph 1:20; Phil 2:9-11; Heb 1:13; Heb 2:8; Heb 10:12; 1Pet 3:22; Rev 1:18

1 Corinthians 15:24-25

The End

24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

"Then comes the end..." After the resurrection of the saints, after all have seen Jesus coming in the clouds., "For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works." The saints will have been taken and the end of the church age will have come suddenly and without warning.

Now there will be no more need for a mediator, because the saints will be one with Christ and one with the Father. God's people will have experienced their final sanctification. They will never experience temptation again. They will have been made perfect in Christ. His work is finished as far as the saints are concerned. It will be time for Jesus to deliver up the kingdom to its sovereign and rightful owner, God the Father.

All power in heaven and earth had been given to the Son. It is His job to obliterate all rule, authority and power of both the spiritual realm and in the earthly kingdom, which was once ruled by Satan.

"And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS." (Revelation 19:13-16)

Once this is done, The angel shall make the announcement, "And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever."

"For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet." At that time God's plan will be completed. "That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him."

Before The Throne:

Pray for those who are ignorant of these things. Ask the Lord to help you share His word with them. The time is short and we must be prepared for it ourselves. Pray that He will find you to be obediently engaged in His work when He comes. Surrender yourself as a living sacrifice to Him. That is the only reasonable and acceptable form of worship. Keep the watch.

For Further Study:

** cometh. Dan 12:4, 9; 13; Matt 10:22; Matt 13:39-40; Matt 24:13; 1Pet 4:7; ** the kingdom. Isa 9:7; Dan 7:14, 27; Matt 11:27; Matt 28:18; Luke 10:22; John 3:35; John 13:3; 1Ti 6:15;

(v.25) ** Ps 2:6-10; Ps 45:3-6; Ps 110:1; Matt 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42-43; Acts 2:34; Eph 1:22; Heb 1:13; Heb 10:12-13;